Quirky is a way to describe this art venue The Lonely Planet about Arte Moris. However, Arte Moris (or Living Art) is more than just an art gallery and a fine arts college.
The center was established in 2003. The center provides a space for children Timorese to express themselves through art. While aiding them in sharing positive attitudes about their country. Famous freedom fighters posters, which are most popular among the youngsters. Such as the ones from Che Guevara as well as Bob Marley, surround teenagers who visit to learn. About the art of creating such as murals, sculptures canvas prints and more.
It was initially a concept of Swiss artist Luca Gansser and his wife, Gabriela Gansser. With the help of a group of youngsters, Arte Moris has slowly transformed. Into a highly-regarded and a unique art center within the nation. Since the beginning of its existence, Arte Moris was awarded. The UN Human Rights prize for its advocacy for free expression.
However, Arte Moris’ aim is not only to support the arts. It hopes to aid East Timorese people rebuild their lives following the bloody conflict for independence of one of the newest nations, which was established on the 20th of May, 2002.
Violence in Timor Leste Venue
The Southeast Asian island was first colonized by the Portuguese in 1515. The country gained its autonomy from Portugal in November 1975 thanks to the Revolutionary Front of an Independent East Timor (Fretilin). It only last for just nine days before it was invade by Indonesian military.
The country was still under occupation until the 30th of August 1999 the day that an referendum on independence resulted in 78.5 percent of East Timorese people vote for independence from Indonesia. The result was a flurry of violent protests by Indonesian-friendly groups that needed an intervention by UN peacekeepers.
This led to the creation of the establishment of a UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) from 1999 until 2002, after which Timor Leste restored full independence.
The bloody fight against Indonesian occupation led to the bringing of East Timorese and East Timorese together. However, a conflict between the military and the political was trigger in 2006 when soldiers were fire.
The conflict escalated into series of fighting between soldiers, the army, police soldiers, urban youth and soldiers, including the killing of over 100 in 2006, and over 150,000 people displaced. The crisis highlighted a profound tension between the elderly and younger generations within the state.
Youth In Crisis Venue
Timor Leste has one of the largest populations of young people around the globe. The rapid growth of its population has brought attention to the state of affairs and situation of the young in the country.
According to an article from 2007 in the World Bank report titled Timor Leste’s Youth in Crisis: Situational Analysis and Policy Options The involvement of young people in violence across the country was among the most prominent aspects of the current crisis. Generation gap has become a major aspect of the current political discourse of Timor Leste.
Two generations were witness to the country’s long fight to gain independence. The first generation is known as the Generation of 99 or Geracao Foun born during the period of Indonesian occupation. Some of them were elect as leaders of the nation in the 1990s and 1980s. They are different from Generation of 75 who are older Portuguese-speaking leaders who majority rule the government.
The communities are often discordant over specific issues. However, their relationships are vital in the transmission of values of culture and the social cohesion of the country.
Timor-Leste’s youth face the lack of employment opportunities and the rate of poverty ) is still high at 41.8 percent. The promise of independence seems distant as the basic rights like education, job opportunities and the right to vote are not yet fully realize.
Murals To Promote Peace Venue
The population from Timor Leste has been so traumatize by the recent venue events that they’ve taken to the practice of venting in the public spaces. Some parts of the capital city of the nation Dili appear to be an art museum in the open air.
In 2006, after recognizing that murals and graffiti had become among the most accessible ways to communicate across our country Nobel award-winning president José Ramos Horta and a variety of NGO’s asked artists to paint walls throughout the country to transmit messages of unity in the nation and peace. Graffiti and murals have become a prominent in the cityscape. Arts allow young people to protest against the political and legal authority in the country.
Many of the artists hail of the Generation that was 99 and were evict following the independence of 2002. They are seeking to affirm their participation in the struggle against Indonesia and also to remind the younger generation of their past while participating in debates about post-independence identity.
Art Collective Gembel Art Collective
Gembel Art Collective Gembel Art Collective is another initiative of this kind, which found in 2003, just like Arte Moris. Gembel Art offers free arts classes, and is also planning for music, theatre along with traditional performance. Like Arte Moris, its classes and spaces are available to everyone.
Artists, such as those affiliated to Arte Moris or Gembel Art Collective are also active in human rights concerns. This includes fighting for the right to land as well as discovering the children who were disappear during the Indonesian occupation. An estimate 4000 children were secretly transport to Indonesia between 1975 and 1999.
The artists express their discontent and discontent with government policies like the absence of jobs for young people. They can also be a part of initiatives, like those of the Hands Off Timor Oil initiative in conjunction together with the government. With the help of the arts they inspire people to consider the issues that affect their country.